Turkey is a large country lying partly in Asia and partly in Europe Its location in two continents has been a central factor in its history and culture. Turkey has often been called a bndge between east and west. The country's area of 301.380 square miles indudes 9.158 square miles in European Turkey, known as Eastern Thrace and a larger area of 292.222 square miles in Asia, called Anatolia. The Bosphorus the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelle divide the European and the Asian sides. Anatolia is a high plateau rising progressively towards the east and broken by the valleys of about fifteen nvers, including the Tigris and Euphrates. There are numerous lakes and some, such as Lake Van, are as large as inland seas. In the north the Pontic chain runs parallel to the Black Sea. giving place to a narrow, fertile coastal plain Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, changing from the temperate dimate of the Pontic region to the continental climate of the interior, then to the Mediterranean dimate of the Aegean Mediterranean coastal regions. The coastline of Turkey's four seas is more than 5.000 miles.
The Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean coasts enjoy a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters While the Black Sea Coast; has a more temperate climate with warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall. Central and East Anatolia; steppe climate with hot dry summers and cold winters
WHAT TO WEAR:
Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean coast: light cotton summer dothing and cardigans for evenings.
Black Sea, Central and Eastern Anatolia - besides summer wear, warmer dotting should be taken for cool evenings and high altitudes.
SHOES and HATS:
Comfortable shoes would be necessary for visiting archeological sites. Sun hats advssable in the height of summer
The Turkish language is neither Indo • European nor Semitic, but belongs to the Uralo • Altaic group and has affinity to the Finno Hungarion languages. Turkish is written with Latin characters and is spoken by some 60 million people outside of Turkey itself, in CIS countries the Balkan Lands and Asia.
The official holiday in the week is Saturday and Sunday, and so offices are open from Monday morning to Fnday evening The major public holidays are as follows
January 1st: New Years Day
April 23rd: National Sovereignty and Children's Day
May 19th: Sports and Youth Day
August 30th: Victory Day
October 29th: Independence Day